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Facts about USA

Dec 5 '15 | By La Afrique Media | Views: 73 | Comments: 0
CAPITAL: Washington, D.C. (District of<br />
Columbia).<br />
FLAG: The flag consists of 13 alternate stripes,<br />
7 red and 6 white; these represent the 13<br />
original colonies. Fifty 5-pointed white stars,<br />
representing the present number of states in<br />
the Union, are placed in 9 horizontal rows<br />
alternately of 6 and 5 against a blue field in the<br />
upper left corner of the flag.<br />
OFFICIAL SEAL: Obverse: An American eagle<br />
with outstretched wings bears a shield<br />
consisting of 13 alternating white and red<br />
stripes with a broad blue band across the top.<br />
The right talon clutches an olive branch,<br />
representing peace; in the left are 13 arrows,<br />
symbolizing military strength. The eagle's beak<br />
holds a banner with the motto "E pluribus<br />
unum" (From many, one); overhead is a<br />
constellation of 13 five-pointed stars in a glory.<br />
Reverse: Above a truncated pyramid is an all-<br />
seeing eye within a triangle; at the bottom of<br />
this triangle appear the roman numerals<br />
MDCCLXXVI (1776). The pyramid stands on a<br />
grassy ground, against a backdrop of<br />
mountains. The words "Annuit Coeptis" (He has<br />
favored our undertakings) and, on a banner,<br />
"Novus Ordo Seclorum" (A new order of the<br />
ages) surround the whole.<br />
ANTHEM: The Star-Spangled Banner.<br />
MOTTO: In God We Trust.<br />
MONETARY UNIT: The dollar ($) of 100 cents is<br />
a paper currency with a floating rate. There are<br />
coins of 1, 5, 10, 25, and 50 cents and 1 dollar,<br />
and notes of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, and 100<br />
dollars. Although issuance of higher notes<br />
ceased in 1969, a limited number of notes of<br />
500, 1,000, 5,000, and 10,000 dollars remain in<br />
circulation. A gold-colored 1 dollar coin<br />
featuring Sacagawea was introduced in 2000.<br />
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES: The imperial system<br />
is in common use; however, the use of metrics<br />
in industry is increasing, and the metric system<br />
is taught in public schools throughout the<br />
United States. Common avoirdupois units in<br />
use are the avoirdupois pound of 16 oz or<br />
453.5924277 gm; the long ton of 2,240 lb or<br />
35,840 oz; and the short ton, more commonly<br />
used, of 2,000 lb or 32,000 oz. (Unless<br />
otherwise indicated, all measures given in tons<br />
are in short tons.) Liquid measures: 1 gallon =<br />
231 cu in = 4 quarts = 8 pints. Dry measures: 1<br />
bushel = 4 pecks = 32 dry quarts = 64 dry pints.<br />
Linear measures: 1 ft = 12 in; 1 statute mi =<br />
1,760 yd = 5,280 ft. Metric equivalent: 1 m =<br />
39.37 in.<br />
FEDERAL HOLIDAYS: New Year's Day, 1<br />
January; Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr., 3rd<br />
Monday in January; Lincoln's Birthday, 12<br />
February (only in the northern and western<br />
states); Washington's Birthday, 3rd Monday in<br />
February; Memorial or Decoration Day, last<br />
Monday in May; Independence Day, 4 July;<br />
Labor Day, 1st Monday in September;<br />
Columbus Day, 2nd Monday in October;<br />
Election Day, 1st Tuesday after the 1st Monday<br />
in November; Veterans or Armistice Day, 11<br />
November; Thanksgiving Day, 4th Thursday in<br />
November; Christmas, 25 December.<br />
TIME: Eastern, 7 am = noon GMT; Central, 6 am<br />
= noon GMT; Mountain, 5 am = noon GMT;<br />
Pacific (includes the Alaska panhandle), 4 am =<br />
noon GMT; Yukon, 3 am = noon GMT; Alaska<br />
and Hawaii, 2 am = noon GMT; western Alaska,<br />
1 am = noon GMT.<br />
LOCATION, SIZE, AND EXTENT<br />
Located in the Western Hemisphere on the<br />
continent of North America, the United States<br />
is the fourth-largest country in the world. Its<br />
total area, including Alaska and Hawaii, is<br />
9,629,091 sq km (3,717,813 sq mi). The<br />
conterminous United States extends 4,662 km<br />
(2,897 mi) ene—wsw and 4,583 km (2,848 mi)<br />
sse-nnw. It is bordered on the n by Canada, on<br />
the e by the Atlantic Ocean, on the s by the<br />
Gulf of Mexico and Mexico, and on the w by the<br />
Pacific Ocean, with a total boundary length of<br />
17,563 km (10,913 mi). Alaska, the 49th state,<br />
extends 3,639 km (2,261 mi) e-w and 2,185 km<br />
(1,358 mi) n-s. It is bounded on the n by the<br />
Arctic Ocean and Beaufort Sea, on the e by<br />
Canada, on the s by the Gulf of Alaska, Pacific<br />
Ocean and Bering Sea, and on the w by the<br />
Bering Sea, Bering Strait, Chukchi Sea, and<br />
Arctic Ocean, with a total land boundary of<br />
12,034 km (7,593 mi) and a coastline of 19,924<br />
km (12,380 mi). The 50th state, Hawaii,<br />
consists of islands in the Pacific Ocean<br />
extending 2,536 km (1,576 mi) n-s and 2,293<br />
km (1,425 mi) e-w, with a general coastline of<br />
1,207 km (750 mi).<br />
The nation's capital, Washington, D.C., is<br />
located on the mid-Atlantic coast.<br />
TOPOGR
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