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Nelson Mandela BIO

Dec 3 '15 | By La Afrique Media | Views: 113 | Comments: 0
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (/mæn<br />
ˈdɛlə/;[1] Xhosa<br />
pronunciation: [xoˈliːɬaɬa man<br />
ˈdeːla]; 18 July 1918 – 5<br />
December 2013) was a South<br />
African anti-apartheid<br />
revolutionary, politician, and<br />
philanthropist who served as<br />
President of South Africa from<br />
1994 to 1999. He was the<br />
country's first black chief<br />
executive, and the first elected in<br />
a fully representative democratic<br />
election. His government focused<br />
on dismantling the legacy of<br />
apartheid through tackling<br />
institutionalised racism and<br />
fostering racial reconciliation.<br />
Politically an African nationalist<br />
and democratic socialist, he<br />
served as President of the African<br />
National Congress (ANC) party<br />
from 1991 to 1997.<br />
Internationally, Mandela was<br />
Secretary General of the Non-<br />
Aligned Movement from 1998 to<br />
1999.<br />
A Xhosa born to the Thembu<br />
royal family, Mandela attended<br />
Fort Hare University and the<br />
University of Witwatersrand,<br />
where he studied law. Living in<br />
Johannesburg, he became<br />
involved in anti-colonial politics,<br />
joining the ANC and becoming a<br />
founding member of its Youth<br />
League. After the Afrikaner<br />
minority government of the<br />
National Party established<br />
apartheid – a system of racial<br />
segregation that privileged whites<br />
– in 1948, he rose to prominence<br />
in the ANC's 1952 anti-apartheid<br />
Defiance Campaign, was<br />
appointed superintendent of the<br />
organisation's Transvaal chapter<br />
and presided over the 1955<br />
Congress of the People. Working<br />
as a lawyer, he was repeatedly<br />
arrested for seditious activities<br />
and, with the ANC leadership, was<br />
unsuccessfully prosecuted in the<br />
Treason Trial from 1956 to 1961.<br />
Influenced by Marxism, he<br />
secretly joined the South African<br />
Communist Party (SACP).<br />
Although initially committed to<br />
non-violent protest, in association<br />
with the SACP he co-founded the<br />
militant Umkhonto we Sizwe in<br />
1961, leading a sabotage<br />
campaign against
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